The CFA and CAIA designation attracts a very similar pool of candidates: those who are committed to a career in the field of investment and financial analysis. However, there are notable differences. These differences can help decide which designation to pursue or whether to go for one or both.
Both CFA and CAIA are “programs” that you can earn through an exam series. The entry barrier for both certifications is quite low — a bachelor’s degree for CFA and none (for now) for CAIA.
The CFA program offers a comprehensive educational program on traditional investments, while CAIA focuses on alternative investments.
Because of this, the CFA program is more “static” (i.e. little change from year to year) because of its emphasis on traditional fundamentals. CAIA program is more dynamic, which is in line with the AI industry’s rapid development.
|Prerequisites||Bachelor degree (any country),
or final year of your bachelor program, or any combo of college + work experience that totals 4 years
|None, but expect you to have basic knowledge in finance.|
|Number of exams|
|Standard registration and exam fees||Level 1: $1,080
Level 2: $640
Level 3: $640
Total = $2,360
Level 1: $1,250
Level 2: $1,250
Total = $2,900
|Other requirements after passing the exam||4 years of relevant experience||1 year of relevant experience (with bachelor degree); 4 years of relevant experience (without degree)|
|Affiliate members||For those who want access to the publications, networking, events||For those who have passed all the exams but haven’t completed the work experience requirement|
|Suggested study hours per exam|
|The exams are given how often?||Level 1: 4x per year
Level 2: 1x per year
Level 3: 1x per year
|Level 1: 2x per year
Level 2: 2x per year
|Recent exam pass rates||Level 1: 37% (Dec 2012)
Level 2: 42% (Jun 2012)
Level 3: 52% (Jun 2012)
|Level 1: 68% (Mar 2014)
Level 2: 62% (Mar 2014)
Given the long history, bigger membership base, and broader scope in traditional investment, CFA is the preferred designation if you are going for a general career path related to traditional investment, such as fund manager and security analyst. The flip side is that it is hard to distinguish yourself when there are more than one hundred thousand CFA chartered members out there.
Alternative investments is a much smaller niche, and therefore, the CAIA will likely remain smaller than the CFA in terms of popularity and membership base. At the same time, it is an exciting and rapidly developing segment within investments that attract professionals who want to specialize in this niche. If you are interested in the alpha and want to stand out from the crowd, the CAIA could be the best designation for you.
More CFAs are getting the CAIA title to get the best of both worlds.
CFAs are going for the CAIA for different reasons. Some CFAs are genuinely interested in learning more about alternative investment. If you flip through the books, you will see that the topics are actually quite interesting and different from the CFA curriculum, e.g. hedge fund strategies and real estate, and the books are kept up-to-date (very important in this industry).
Some people want to get the CAIA designation before it gets more difficult. Understandably, the CAIA association doesn’t want to make it super hard in order to push up the membership at this stage, as evidenced by the fact that the CAIA exams have the highest pass rates in the 60+%. However, once it gets a critical mass of members, I can see how they want to make it more difficult and achieve a pass rate similar to CFA (high-30% to mid-40%), or at least CPA (around 50%).
The CAIA pass rate is trending downwards. The latest 2013 statistics are 68% for Level 1 and 62% for level 2.
Whether you want to take the CAIA as your first designation or get it after your CFA, you can learn more here: